The article analyzes the trends and processes occurring in the adult education system. The research is based on the synergy-andragogical and competence approaches. The features of the content, principles and technologies of adult education are determined. The „adult concept“ comprises the ability to self-determination, a certain level of various competencies, responsible position and behavior. The investigation on adult education issues (Knowles & Swanson, 2005; Kolb, 1984; Jarvis, 2004) determines the theoretical and methodological foundations of andragogy, adult education technology, management and organizational aspects of the design of the educational process. One of the models of arranging the adult learning process is the introduction of professionally oriented technologies aimed at qualitative changes in the education system, at mastering students’ professional and communicative competence. Humanistic and cultural approaches are supposed to be fundamental psychological theses.